Skin is negatively affected by the cold weather. During winter, cold and polluted air affects every cell of the body negatively and substantially damages the skin.
Experts point to the fact that windy and cold weather causes extreme loss of moisture, vasoconstriction of capillaries and slowing down of blood flow, and said that as a result of this situation, since the skin will be supplied with less nutrients and oxygen, it will look pale and bluish.
Experts say that in cold weather, face and hands must be adequately moisturized since they are not covered with clothes, and added, “During winter, cold and polluted air affects every cell of the body negatively and substantially damages the skin. The skin is negatively affected by cold weather conditions and wind. Especially, if the face and the hands, which are not covered with clothes, cannot be moisturized adequately, it will result in drying, flaking, inflammation and itchiness. Also, interior heating systems contribute to the negative effects of cold weather by decreasing humidity. For this reason, we must maintain the humidity of interior areas that we reside in. With the effect of cold weather, capillaries under our skin constrict. Blood flow decreases, less nutrients reach the skin. Also, secretion of the sebaceous glands, which moisturizes the skin by covering the surface of the skin, decreases with cold. Our skin dries up and flakes. If you leave your house without wearing gloves, especially superior face of the hands dries up, flakes, becomes red and chaps. Similarly, our lips also chaps and peels with cold and dry weather”.
Experts say that when the winter is approaching, we should start using suitable moisturizers for our faces and hands, before the problems arise.
If the skin is usually dry, experts suggest using water-based and oil-containing creams for hands, and they say “Oily creams that are suitable for daily use must be preferred for lips. These creams must be applied several times a day. Since windy and cold weather causes extreme loss of moisture, vasoconstriction of capillaries and slowing down of blood flow, and said that as a result of this situation, the skin will be supplied with less nutrients and oxygen and for this reason, it will look pale and bluish. When the temperature decreases below -10oC, as a result of the exposure to that weather, both intracellular and extracellular ice crystals form and these crystals may cause tissue destruction”.
It should not be forgotten that, skin becomes thinner during winter since the intensity of sun rays decreases in winter and if the toxic substances in the air contact the skin, wrinkles may appear.
Saying that the friction between the winter clothes and the skin causes flaking and hardening of the skin, experts say, “This change with the skin causes cracks and tears, which makes the skin more prone to the infections. Also, it is possible to experience loss of gloss, dryness and splitting of the hair”.
Experts finalized their words by listing the necessary precautions for protecting the skin from the effects of cold weather: “Keep your skin soft by applying oil-rich cream to hands and feet, water and oil-based lotions to other parts of the body. Do not use alcohol-containing products for your face. Keep shower and bath duration short, bathe with warm water and use bath oils. If the air is polluted, do not go outside if possible. Keep the interior temperature of your houses and workplaces at normal degrees. Maintain the humidity level by placing a bowl of water or a wet cloth on the heaters. Wear windproof clothes if you are going outside. Protect your hands, feet, head and ears. Drink plenty of water, eat fruits and vegetables. Exercise in fresh air regularly”.